Download e-book for kindle: A History of International Research Networking: The People by Howard Davies, Beatrice Bressan

By Howard Davies, Beatrice Bressan

ISBN-10: 352732710X

ISBN-13: 9783527327102

ISBN-10: 3527629335

ISBN-13: 9783527629336

The 1st ebook written and edited by way of the folk who constructed the net, this e-book bargains with the historical past of constructing common protocols and a world info move community. the result's THE authoritative resource at the subject, offering an unlimited volume of insider wisdom unavailable elsewhere.
regardless of the large variety of members, the textual content is uniform popular and point, and of curiosity to each scientist and a must have for all community builders in addition to corporations facing the Net.Content:
Chapter 1 Early Days (pages 1–26):
Chapter 2 The function of investment our bodies (pages 27–38):
Chapter three prepared Cooperation (pages 39–72):
Chapter four varied techniques (pages 73–110):
Chapter five The Interviews (pages 111–134):
Chapter 6 The Bandwidth leap forward (pages 135–161):
Chapter 7 help for purposes (pages 163–177):
Chapter eight neighborhood views (pages 179–219):
Chapter nine Transatlantic Connections (pages 221–233):
Chapter 10 a eu fulfillment (pages 235–258):

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Extra resources for A History of International Research Networking: The People who Made it Happen

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25 recommendation was ratified in 1980. 25 network. The transit arrangements between the national PTTs then gradually became operational, offering communication on a European scale. By the middle of 1985, a United Kingdom PSS customer, for example, could communicate with data customers in any of the COST (European cooperation in the field of scientific and technical research) countries except Turkey and Yugoslavia (although for Portugal, the call had to be initiated from there). One thing this shows is that the prevailing view of networking at that time was one in which the PTTs played a large part.

In particular, the re-sale of the circuit capacity was forbidden and switching traffic between third parties was also not allowed. International leased circuits were normally provided in the form of two “half circuits” one half circuit being provided by the PNO at each end. The tariff for each half circuit was specified in the standard price list of each PNO. If the circuit had to pass through a third country or countries, the additional cost would be reflected in the half circuit tariffs at each end; payment to the PNOs of the intermediate countries for the transit service they provided was handled by the PNOs at each end.

In the beginning, British Telecom, the major telecommunications operator in the United Kingdom, wanted to impose one of the highest volume charges. Other PTTs across Europe proposed milder tariffs but the idea of a volume-related charge on top of the leased line cost was retained for some time. 5 EARN, the First International Service in Europe An extract from a communication on the subject from Dennis Jennings to the Board, dated November 1985, reads as follows: “The connection of the United Kingdom on the basis of the imposition of this volume charge (one of the first and the highest), and EARN’s implicit acceptance of this volume charge, sets a precedent for the imposition of a similar volume charge by every country PTT in Europe.

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A History of International Research Networking: The People who Made it Happen by Howard Davies, Beatrice Bressan

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