By M. Powell Lawton PhD, George Maddox PhD
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Additional info for Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 5, 1985: Social & Psychological Aspects of Aging
A second group was given a talk by the administrator that made explicit what was essentially the implicit message in the nursing home, that it was the staff's responsibility to care for them as patients. , movies, contests, socializing with staff, seeing friends), in comparison to the group whose feelings of personal control were not explicitly enhanced. These results have been replicated in two other studies (Banziger & Roush, 1983; Mercer & Kane, 1979). Rodin and Langer (1977) found that most of these group differences remained at 18 months following the intervention.
Through extensive pilot-testing, Rodin defined nine domains of importance to people 60 and over: relationships with spouse, with immediate family members, and with friends, plus personal safety, personal economic conditions, health, housing, transportation, and daily activities and/or work. For each domain, importance of the domain, outcome expectancies, and feelings of personal efficacy are assessed at regular intervals. It is intended that this type of study will help to explain more fully both stability and change in perceived control, as well as their antecedents and consequences.
Some health-related measures do not adequately separate the effects of illness severity from the effects of taking an active role in one's health enhancement; for example, an increased number of doctor visits may indicate that the individual has suffered an illness, or that he or she has decided to participate more actively in his or her own health care. Research investigating the control-health relationship must address this measurement issue more clearly. Research on the construct of health locus of control (cf.
Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 5, 1985: Social & Psychological Aspects of Aging by M. Powell Lawton PhD, George Maddox PhD